White collar crime can have significant financial implications and can cost this country billions of dollars per year. As a result, prosecutors and courts are cracking down on white-collar crimes. If you are being investigated for or have been accused of a white collar crime, contact an experienced white collar criminal defense attorney as soon as possible.
Learn More About White Collar Criminal Defense
The attorneys at Bachner & Associates, P.C. represent clients throughout the New York City area in a wide range of complex white collar criminal defense matters. For more information on how we can help you, please visit our white collar crimes page.
Below, we have provided some general information about while collar criminal defense that we hope you will find helpful. For specific information about your case, please contact us online or by telephone at 877-388-6461 to speak with an experienced criminal defense lawyer.
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The criminal defense attorneys at Bachner & Associates, P.C. have significant experience handling white collar criminal defense cases involving fraud, RICO violations and other critical legal issues. As former prosecutors, we know how to proactively anticipate and counter the tactics the prosecution will use against you.
Are you facing allegations of corporate fraud, healthcare fraud, extortion or other white collar crimes? Take the first step to building an aggressive and effective legal defense. Contact Bachner & Associates, P.C. today online or by telephone at 877-388-6461 to discuss your legal options.
Grand Jury Investigations
A grand jury is a powerful tool that federal prosecutors can use to investigate and gather information about white collar crimes. The grand jury has the power to subpoena witnesses to testify and produce documents for review in an effort to gain information about an individual's involvement in a white collar crime and to see if there is enough evidence to indict that person. If you have been subpoenaed to appear before a grand jury, contact Bachner & Associates, P.C. in New York, New York, today to schedule a consultation with a criminal defense attorney.
Grand jury procedures
In addition to traditional police investigations, federal prosecutors often employ the powers of a grand jury to investigate white collar crimes. The federal prosecutor, generally an Assistant United States Attorney (AUSA), can use the grand jury to gather documents and obtain testimony regarding the crime.
The federal prosecutor acts as the main legal advisor to the grand jury, decides which witnesses will be called (the grand jury can also issue additional subpoenas), questions the witnesses (grand jurors can also ask questions) and exercises control over whether immunity will be granted in a particular situation.
There are three categories of people the prosecutor and grand jury are interested in: witness, subject and target. A witness has information related to the investigation, but is not under any suspicion. A target is someone who will probably be charged. A subject lies between a target and a witness. It is someone who has engaged in suspicious conduct, but the prosecutor is not sure if the commission of a crime can be established so he or she is looking for more information. A witness does not have a constitutional right to have counsel present during the grand jury proceedings.
Federal grand jury subpoenas are issued pursuant to Rule 17 of the Federal Rules of Criminal Procedure. The subpoena will generally command the witness to attend and give testimony before the grand jury at a particular time set by the prosecutor. The subpoena can also demand that the witness produce certain categories of documents.
Generally, if you receive a subpoena to testify before the grand jury, it is because the prosecutor believes that you have information or documents that could be relevant to the ongoing investigation. In many cases, the subpoena requests documents kept in the ordinary course of business, and there is really no reason to believe that you are under investigation. If you receive a grand jury subpoena, it is important to have a lawyer experienced in white-collar matters review it and explain it to you. Depending on the circumstances, you may be able to assert one or more privileges, such as the attorney-client privilege, regarding documents that have been subpoenaed.
Advantages of the grand jury
The grand jury has several advantages over normal police investigations, including:
- The power to subpoena individuals to appear before it or produce documents
- Lay participation
- Closed proceedings
- Grants of immunity to witnesses
- The federal prosecutor's role in leading the investigation
Speak to a criminal defense lawyer
Being called before the grand jury as a witness, subject or target is a serious matter. It is important to speak to a white collar criminal defense attorney if you receive a subpoena, especially if you suspect you may be the target of a criminal investigation. Having the assistance of an attorney early on may allow you to avoid indictment. Don't delay. Contact Bachner & Associates, P.C. in New York, New York, today to schedule a consultation with a criminal defense attorney.
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